Educational constraints of immobility? Examining ethnic differences in student migration in Britain using Census microdata

Nissa Finney

Resum

L’article se situa dins la bibliografia emergent sobre les migracions internes de les minories immigrants. Aquesta ha augmentat a partir de l’interès sobre la dinàmica poblacional després de la segregació ètnica residencial. L’estudi ha posat de manifest que la migració dins de la Gran Bretanya permet que es produeixin barreges entre ètnies i que existeixin diferències ètniques considerables en els nivells de mobilitat residencial i en els seus patrons territorials. Aquest article contribueix a entendre aquestes diferències a través de l’examen de la relació entre ser estudiant i la mobilitat residencial per diferents ètnies. S’hi suggereix que diferents decisions residencials i pautes migratòries d’accés a la universitat explicarien, en part, les diferències ètniques de mobilitat. A través de microdades censals (mostra anònima de dades) de 2001, s’arriba a la conclusió que els estudiants de les minories ètniques són menys mòbils que els seus homòlegs blancs. Ser estudiant incrementa la probabilitat d’emigrar, tant dels joves britànics blancs, com dels joves xinesos, però disminueix en la dels negres africans i la dels paquistanesos, especialment la de les dones d’aquesta darrera ètnia. El fet que a la Gran Bretanya, normalment, s’emigri lluny de la llar familiar per anar a la universitat, qüestionaria la igualtat en l’accés a l’educació superior. Relacionar la mobilitat i certs esdeveniments clau en la vida dels joves adults permet que els debats sobre geografies ètniques puguin anar més enllà de la preocupació per la segregació. L’article conclou plantejant reptes per a futures investigacions i amb un debat sobre les implicacions dels resultats sobre les polítiques en el context dels canvis que, en l’actualitat, pateix el finançament de l’educació superior al Regne Unit.

Paraules clau

migració interna; grup ètnic; estudiant; curs de vida; microdades censals; Gran Bretanya.

Text complet:

PDF (English)

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