Regularisation of unauthorised immigrants in Italy and Spain: determinants and effects

Claudia Finotelli, Joaquín Arango

Resum

Sovint, en els països del sud d’Europa, la regularització d’immigrants irregulars s’ha emprat com a política migratòria de control aplicada a posteriori. Molts investigadors ho critiquen per la incapacitat que manifesta de parar la reproducció de sistemes de migració irregular. Malgrat tot, el debat sobre l’efectivitat d’aquests programes segueix demostrant l’existència d’una contradicció fonamental entre aquestes crítiques i la manca d’evidències empíriques a favor o en contra dels processos de regularització. L’objectiu principal d’aquest article és analitzar els efectes de les regularitzacions a Itàlia i a Espanya, els països europeus on més immigrants s’han vist beneficiats per aquestes regularitzacions. La finalitat de l’article és avaluar l’eficàcia d’aquestes polítiques, però també plantejar quin futur té aquest tipus de mesures en els règims migratoris mediterranis.

Paraules clau

immigració irregular; procés de regularització; economia submergida; Espanya; Itàlia.

Text complet:

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