The impact of immigrants’ segregation and concentration on social integration in selected European contexts

Sako Musterd

Resum

En el món occidental, l’impacte de certes composicions de la població en determinats barris d’algunes ciutats, com també la segregació i la integració dels immigrants i les oportunitats socials d’aquests, és motiu de debat públic i polític. Aquest article analitza les ideologies, les percepcions, les suposicions i les respostes polítiques predominants, referides als efectes potencials de la segregació i de la integració en els barris, per confrontar-les després amb les teories de segregació, concentració i efectes de barri (neighbourhood effect), així com amb altres recerques empíriques. Els resultats ens mostren que els termes segregació i concentració són conceptes complexos i que, per tant, han d’ésser tractats amb precaució. Així possiblement es reduirien les reaccions xenòfobes. De totes maneres, existeixen indicis que, fins i tot en estats del benestar redistributius, la concentració d’immigrants té alguns efectes (negatius) sobre les expectatives dels individus. Malgrat tot, fan falta anàlisis molt específiques per aclarir quan i qui serà afectat per aquesta qüestió i quins en seran els efectes més probables que provocarà.

Paraules clau

migració internacional; immigrants; segregació; concentració; integració social.

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