Serveis ecosistèmics, valors del paisatge i sostenibilitat cultural en projectes de restauració ecològica

Josep Pueyo-Ros

Resum

La restauració ecològica es basa fonamentalment en el marc teòric dels serveis ecosistèmics; però aquest marc presenta importants mancances perquè no considera la dimensió cultural del lloc en els objectius de la restauració. En aquest estudi es planteja, a partir d’una exploració bibliogràfica, com la recerca basada en els valors culturals del paisatge pot complementar el marc teòric dels serveis ecosistèmics tornant a situar els humans com a part integral del paisatge i no només com un agent de degradació dels ecosistemes naturals. En l’article s’identifiquen les principals crítiques i mancances de la teoria dels serveis ecosistèmics, amb especial èmfasi en els serveis ecosistèmics culturals. Finalment, es tracen connexions entre els dos cossos teòrics i s’apunten mètodes idonis de recollida de dades en relació amb el marc de recerca plantejat.

Paraules clau

serveis ecosistèmics; serveis ecosistèmics culturals; valors del paisatge; restauració ecològica; sostenibilitat cultural

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