Water consumption patterns of hotels and their response to droughts and public concerns regarding water conservation: The case of the Barcelona hotel industry during the 2007-2008 episode

Marta Dinarès, David Saurí

Resum

El subministrament d’aigua és un factor limitant en moltes destinacions turístiques d’ambient càlid i assolellat, com és el cas de la regió mediterrània. La intensificació i la freqüència dels episodis de sequera, en un context de canvi climàtic, plantegen dubtes sobre la sostenibilitat del sector turístic. Respon, el sector hoteler, a aquests dubtes? I en cas afirmatiu, com? Com afecta la sequera a l’adopció de pràctiques d’estalvi d’aigua? Difereixen les respostes adaptatives d’acord amb les característiques dels establiments hotelers? El present estudi analitza el consum anual d’aigua del sector hoteler de la ciutat mediterrània de Barcelona durant un període de deu anys, incloent-hi quatre esdeveniments de sequera, i n’enquesta els directors. Els resultats mostren que la sequera promou canvis tècnics i de conducta, primordialment en hotels de categoria superior. Els decrets de sequera emesos pel Govern semblen influir en l’adopció de mesures d’estalvi per part de la indústria hotelera. L’heterogeneïtat del sector hoteler és un factor que s’ha de tenir en compte en anàlisis futures i en el disseny de polítiques.

Paraules clau

sequera; consum d’aigua; accions de conservació d’aigua; sector hoteler; Barcelona

Text complet:

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