Symmetries, asymmetries and cross-border cooperation on the German–Polish border. Towards a new model of (de)bordering

Jarosław Jańczak


La frontera entre Alemanya i Polònia representa un dels exemples més interessants de dinàmica política i transformació econòmica i social que es poden observar en l’Europa posterior a la Guerra Freda, i és un exemple reeixit d’estreta cooperació. Les lògiques desfronteritzadores en curs poden detectar-se aquí; tanmateix, les formes i els ritmes revelen un estancament i, fins i tot, regressió en determinats sectors. S’argumenta que la intensificació de la cooperació transfronterera, després del col·lapse dels règims comunistes en aquesta part d’Europa, va ser el resultat d’un conjunt d’interaccions a escala europea, nacional i local. En aquell moment, els objectius principals eren relativament convergents, la qual cosa va contribuir a una ràpida desfronterització. No obstant això, amb el temps, aquests objectius van començar a divergir entre els diferents nivells. Aquest procés s’ha contextualitzat en el marc de les simetries i asimetries existents en la frontera, que moltes vegades han donat com a resultat tendències refronteritzadores.

Paraules clau

asimetries; frontera germano-polonesa; desfronterització

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