Planning, Justice and LGBT Urban Politics in Tel-Aviv: A Queer Dilemma

Chen Misgav

Resum

El document discuteix les polítiques de planificació i la política urbana, la seva relació amb les comunitats LGBT a la ciutat i el seu potencial per promoure la justícia espacial dins de les polítiques de planificació locals. El document revisa breument els principals temes teòrics tractats a la literatura sobre la connexió entre planificació i sexualitat. També es revisen tres conceptes teòrics de justícia relacionats amb la política de planificació i la política urbana: la justícia distributiva, la justícia processal i el reconeixement. L’estudi de cas del Centre Gai al Parc Meir de Tel-Aviv s’analitza amb referència a aquests tres conceptes de justícia espacial. L’argument principal és que el centre és un clar exemple de justícia distributiva i processal. No obstant això, quan analitzem aquest cas a la llum del concepte de reconeixement, les conclusions són una mica ambigües. D’una banda, el cas del Centre Gai indica un reconeixement creixent de la comunitat LGBT de Tel-Aviv. D’altra banda, una anàlisi queer mostra que aquest reconeixement és parcial, ja que es limita a certes parts de la comunitat i als espais freqüentats per LGBT a Tel-Aviv.

Paraules clau

planificació; justícia; política urbana; comunitat LGBT; queer; Israel

Text complet:

PDF (English)

Referències

ADLER, S. and BRENNER, J. (1992). “Gender and space: Lesbians and gay men in the city”. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 16, 24-34.

ALFASI, N. (2006). “Creative cities: Jerusalem, Tel Aviv and the new economy”. Israeli Sociology, 8 (1), 29-64 (Hebrew).

ALFASI, N. and FENSTER, T. (2005). “A tale of two cities: Jerusalem and Tel Aviv in an age of globalization”. Cities, 22 (5), 351-363.

ALFASI, N. and FENSTER, T. (2014). “Between socio-spatial and urban justice: Rawls’ principles of justice in the 2011 Israeli Protest Movement”. Planning Theory, 13 (4), 407-427. https://doi.org/10.1177/1473095214521105

ALLWEIL, Y. (2003). “Why did they turn off the lights in Electricity Park?”. In: MORIA, Y. and BARNIR, S. (eds.). In the Public Domain: A Tribute to Tel Aviv’s Municipal Gardener Avraham Karavan. Tel Aviv: Tel Aviv Museum, 101-105 (Hebrew).

ANDRUCKI, M. and ELDER, G. S. (2007). “Locating the state in queer space: GLBT non-profit organizations in Vermont, USA”. Social and Cultural Geography, 8 (1), 89-104.

BELL, D. and VALENTINE, G. (eds.) (1995). Mapping Desire: Geographies of Sexualities. London: Routledge.

BALNERO, R. and FRIDMAN, A. (2001). The Pink Survey. Tel Aviv: The Center for Social and Economic Research in Tel Aviv-Jaffa Municipality (Hebrew).

BAUM, D. (2006). “Women in black and men in pink: Protesting against the Israeli occupation”. Social Identities, 12 (5), 563-574.

BELL, D. and BINNIE, J. (2004). “Authenticating queer space: Citizenship, urbanism and governance”. Urban Studies, 41 (9), 1807-1820.

BILESKI, L. (2011). “‘Before that we did not trespass’: The city, the woman and the drifter in the Yaakobowitz Trial”. The Law: Law Review, 16 (1-2), 131-172 (Hebrew).

BROWN, P. M. (2008) “Working political geography through social movements theory: The case of gay and lesbian Seattle. In: COX, K.; LOW, M. and ROBINSON, J. (eds.). The SAGE Handbook of Political Geography. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 285-304.

BROWNE, K.; LIM, J. and BROWN, G. (eds.) (2007). Geographies of Sexualities: Theory, Practices and Politics. Farnham and Burlington, UK: Ashgate.

CAMPBELL, H. (2006). “Just planning: The art of situated ethical judgment”. Journal of Planning Education and Research, 26, 92-106.

CASTELLS, M. (1983). The City and the Grassroots. Berkeley: University of California Press.

CHAUNCEY, G. (1994). Gay New York: Gender, Urban Culture, and the Making of the Gay Male World, 1890-1940. New York: Basic Books.

COOK, M. and EVANS, J. V. (2014). Queer Cities, Queer Cultures: Europe since 1945. London and New-York: Bloomsbury.

CHURCHMAN, A. (2012). “Protecting groups at the margins of the planning system: Procedural justice as a means”. In: HASSON, S. (ed.). Shaping the Space in Israel: The Map of Lands and Settlements. Jerusalem: Keter and JNF, 289-300 (Hebrew).

DAHAN, Y. (2007). Theories of Social Justice. Tel Aviv: Tel Aviv University and Ministry of Defense, The Broadcast University (Hebrew).

DOAN, P. L. (2010). “The tyranny of gendered spaces: Reflections from beyond the gender dichotomy”. Gender, Place and Culture: A Journal of Feminist Geography, 17 (5), 635-654.

DOAN, P. L. (ed.) (2011). Queerying Planning: Challenging Heteronormative Assumptions and Reframing Planning Practice. Farnham and Burlington, UK: Ashgate.

DOAN, P. L. (2015a). Planning and LGBTQ Communities: The Need for Inclusive Queer Spaces. Abingdon: Routledge.

DOAN, P. L. (2015b). “Regulating adult business to make spaces safe for heterosexual families in Atlanta”. In: MAGINN, P. J and STEINMETZ, C. (eds.). (Sub)Urban Sexualities: Geographies and Regulation of the sex Industry. Abingdon: Routledge, 197-218.

DOAN, P. L. (2015c). “Planning for sexual and gender minorities”. In: BURAYID, M. (ed.). Cities and the Politics of Difference: Multiculturalism and diversity in Planning. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 135-158.

DOAN, P. L. (2015d). “Beyond queer space: Planning for diverse and dispersed LGBTQ populations”. In: DOAN, P. (ed.). Planning and LGBTQ Communities: The Need for Inclusive Queer Spaces. Abingdon: Routledge, 251-259.

DOAN, P. L. (2016). “Is there a place in the progressive city for the LGBTQ community?”. Progressive City (16 Oct, 2016), available at: http://www.progressivecity.net/single-post/2016/10/05/IS-THERE-A-PLACE-IN-THE-PROGRESSIVE-CITY-FOR-THE-LGBTQ-COMMUNITY

DOAN, P. L. and HIGGINS, H. (2011). The demise of queer space? Resurgent gentrification and LGBT neighborhoods. Journal of Planning Education and Research, 31 (1), 6-25.

DUBROW, G. and CORBIN-SIES (2002). “Letting our guard down: Race, class, gender and sexuality in planning history”. Journal of Planning History, 1 (3), 203-214.

DUBROW, G., KNOPP, L. and BROWN, M. (2015). “Act Up versus Straighten Up: Public Policy and Queer Community-Based Activism”. In: DOAN, P. (ed). Planning and LGBTQ Communities: The Need for Inclusive Queer Spaces. Abingdon: Routledge, 202-216.

DUGGAN, L. (2002). “The new homonormativity: The sexual politics of neoliberalism”. In: R. CASTRONOVO and D. D. NELSON (eds.). Materializing Democracy: Towards a Revitalized Cultural Politics. Duke: Duke University Press, 175-194.

EGERTT, Y. (2007). The City Center for the LGBT Community: Social-Physical Program. Tel Aviv: Tel-Aviv-Jaffa Municipality, Administration of Education, Culture and Sport (Hebrew).

EISNER, S. (2012). “Love, rage and the occupation: Bisexual politics in Israel/Palestine”. Journal of Bisexuality, 12 (1), 80-137.

ELAD, H. (2008). “In Jerusalem, separation walls are visible from the route of the Pride Parade”. In: KATZ, Y., DEGANI, Z. and GROS, T. (eds.). Somewhere Here: Language, Identity, Place. Tel Aviv: Hakibbutz Hameuchad, 252-276 (Hebrew).

FAINSTEIN, S. (2010). The Just City. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

FENSTER, T. (2004). The Global City and the Holy City: Narratives on Planning, Knowledge and Diversity. London: Pearson

FENSTER, T. and MANOR, I. (2010). “Homo-lesbian citizenship in the urban space of Tel Aviv and Jerusalem”. Israeli Sociology, 12 (1), 7-28 (Hebrew).

FINCHER, R. and IVESON, K. (2008). Planning and Diversity in the City. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

FINCHER, R.; IVESON, K.; LEITNER, H. and PRESTON, V. (2014). “Planning in the multicultural city: Celebrating diversity or reinforcing difference?”. Progress in Planning, 92, 1-55.

FLORIDA, R. (2004). Cities and the Creative Class. London and New-York: Routledge.

FORSYTH, A. (2001). Sexuality and space: Nonconformist populations and planning practice. Journal of Planning Literature, 15 (3), 339-358.

FRASER, N. (2004). “From distribution to recognition? The dilemma of justice in the ‘post-socialist era’”. In: FILK, D. and RAM, O. (eds.). The Power of Property: Israeli Society in the Global Age. Tel Aviv and Jerusalem: Hakibbutz Hameuchad and Van Leer Institute, 270-297 (Hebrew).

FREEDMAN, M. (1990). Exile in the Promised Land: A Memoir. Ann Arbor: Firebrand Books.

FRISCH, M. (2002). “Planning as a Heterosexist Project”. Journal of Planning Education and Research, 21 (3), 254-266.

GOH, K. (2015). “Place/Out: Planning for Radical Queer Activism”. In: DOAN, P. (ed.). Planning and LGBTQ Communities: The Need for Inclusive Queer Spaces. Abingdon: Routledge, 217-234.

GORMAN-MURRAY, A. (2011). “Queering planning in Australia: The problems and possibilities of multiscalar governance for LGBT sexual minorities”. In: DOAN, P. (ed.). Queerying planning: Challenging heteronormative assumptions and reframing planning practice. Farnham: Ashgate, 129-143.

GORMAN-MURRAY, A. and NASH, C. (2014). “Mobile places, relational spaces: conceptualizing change in Sydney’s LGBTQ neighborhoods”. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 32 (4), 622-641.

GROSS, A. (2015). The politics of LGBT rights in Israel and beyond: Nationality, normality, and queer politics. Columbia Human Rights Law Review, 46 (2), 81-152.

GROSS, A. and ZIV, A. (2003). “Between theory and politics: Homo-lesbian studies and queer theory”. In: KEIDAR, Y., ZIV, A. and KANER, A. (eds.). Beyond Sexuality: A Selection of Articles in Homo-Lesbian Studies and Queer Theory. Tel Aviv: Hakibbutz Hameuchad, 9-44 (Hebrew).

HAREL, A. (1999). “The rise and fall of the Israeli gay legal revolution”. Columbia Human Rights Law Review, 31, 443-471.

HARTAL, G. (2015). “The gendered politics of absence: Homonationalism and gendered power relations in Tel Aviv’s Gay-Center”. In: BROWNE, K. (ed.). Lesbian Geographies: Gender, Place and Power. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate, 91-112.

HARTAL, G. and SASSON-LEVY, O. (2017). “Being [in] the center: Sexual citizenship and homonationalism at Tel Aviv’s Gay-Center”. Sexualities, 20 (5-6), 738-761.

HARTAL, G. and SASSON-LEVY, O. (2018). “Re-Reading Homonationalism: An Israeli Spatial Perspective”. Journal of Homosexuality, 65 (10), 1391-1414.

HARVEY, D. (1973). Social Justice and the City. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press.

HASSON, S. (2001). “The evolvement of neighborhood activism and the extension of citizenship rights”. Israel Affairs, 7 (4), 45-64.

HEALEY, P. (1997). Collaborative Planning: Shaping Places in Fragmented Societies. London: Macmillan Press.

HIGGS, D. (ed.) (1999). Queer Sites: Gay Urban Histories since 1600. London and New York: Routledge.

HIRSH, D. (2005). “Homotopia: Independence Park in Tel Aviv”. In: KLOSH, R. and CHATUKA T. (eds.). Architectural Culture, Place, Representation, Body. Tel Aviv: Resling, 287-310 (Hebrew).

HUBBARD, P. (2012). Cities and Sexualities. London and New-York: Routledge.

JOHNSTON, L. and LONGHURST, R. (2010). Space, Place and Sex, Geographies of Sexualities. Plymouth, UK: Rowman & Littlefield

JOHNSTON, L. and VALENTINE, G. (1995). “Wherever I lay my girlfriend, that’s my home: The performance and surveillance of lesbian identities in domestic Environments”. In: BELL, D. and VALENTINE, G. (eds.). Mapping Desire. London: Routledge, 76-99.

KAMA, A. (2000). “From terra incognita to terra firma: The logbook of the voyage of gay men’s community into the Israeli public sphere”. Journal of Homosexuality, 38 (4), 133-162.

KAMA, A. (2011). “Parading pridefully into the mainstream: Gay and lesbian immersion in the civil core”. In: BEN-PORAT, G. and TURNER, B. (eds.). The Contradictions of Israeli Citizenship: Land, Religion and State. New York: Routledge.

KAMA, A. (2014). “Calculating hedonism among gay men”. In: LEITNER M. J. and LEITNER S. (eds.). Israeli Life and Leisure in the 21st Century. Urbana, IL: Sagamore Publishing, 281-290.

KENNEY, M. R. (2001). Mapping Gay L.A: The Interaction of Place and Politics. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

KIPNIS, B. (2009). “Greater Tel Aviv as a ‘global city’: Hub in a global network and ‘disproportional head’ in Israeli space”. In: KIPNIS, B. (ed.). Tel Aviv Jaffa: From a Garden Suburb to World City: The First One Hundred Years. Haifa: Pardes, 227-260 (Hebrew).

LAURIA, M. and KNOOP, L. (1985). “Towards an analysis of the role of gay communities in the urban renaissance”. Urban Geography, 6, 651-669.

LEVIN, M. (1979). Gay Men: The Sociology of Male Homosexuality. New York: Harper and Row.

MAGINN, P. and STEINMETZ, C. (2015) (eds). (Sub)Urban Sexscapes: Geographies and regulation of sex industry. London and New York: Routledge.

MARCUSE, P. (2012). “Justice”. In: WEBER, R. and CRANE, R. (eds.). Oxford Handbook of Urban Planning. New York: Oxford University Press, 141-165.

MARCUSE, P. (2014). “Sustainability and justice: Goals of the cities of tomorrow”. In: FENSTER, T. and SHLOMO, A. (eds.). Cities of Tomorrow: Planning, Justice and Sustainability Today. Tel Aviv: Hakibbutz Hameuchad, 25-40 (Hebrew).

MISGAV, C. (2008). “The urban space in Tel Aviv-Yafo as viewed by gay people”. IGU- International Geographical Union, the Worldwide Conference, (Aug., 2008), Tunis, Tunisia.

MARCUSE, P. (2015a). “With the current, against the wind: Constructing spatial activism and radical politics in Tel Aviv’s LGBT Community Center”. ACME: An International E-Journal for Critical Geography, 14 (4), 1208-1234.

MARCUSE, P. (2015b). “Planning, justice and LGBT urban politics: The case of Tel Aviv’s Gay-Center”. Tichnon – Journal of the Israeli Planning Association (special issue on planning and justice edited by Oren Yiftachel and Rani Mendelbaum), 12 (1), 180-195. (Hebrew).

MARCUSE, P. (2016). “Gay-Riatrics: Spatial politics and activism of elderly gay men in Tel-Aviv’s Gay Community Center”. Gender, Place and Culture: A Journal of Feminist Geography, 23 (11), 1519-1534.

MORENO, A. (2011). Proud in the Center: Neo-Liberal Governmentality and Individualization Processes in the LGBT Community in Israel. MA thesis, Tel-Aviv University (Hebrew).

MORT, F. (2000). “The sexual geography of the city”. In: BRIDGE, G. and WATSON, S. (eds.). A Companion to the City. Oxford: Blackwell, 307-315.

MULLER-MYRDAHL, T. (2011). “Queerying creative cities”. In: DOAN, P. (ed.). Queerying Planning: Challenging Heteronormative Assumptions and Reframing Planning Practice. Farnham and Burlington, UK: Ashgate, 157-168.

NASH, C. and GORMAN-MURRAY, A. (2015). “Recovering the gay village: a comparative historical geography of urban change and planning in Toronto and Sydney”. Historical Geography, 43, 84-105.

NASH, C. and GORMAN-MURRAY, A. (2014). “LGBT neighbourhoods and ‘new mobilities’: towards understanding transformations in sexual and gendered urban landscapes”. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 38 (3), 756-772.

NAST, H. (2002). “Queer patriarchies, queer racisms, international”. Antipode, 34, 874-909.

PIZMONY-LEVY, O. (2005). A City Center for the LGBT Community in Tel-Aviv-Jaffa: Needs Survey Findings. Tel Aviv: The Committee for Human Rights, Tel Aviv-Jaffa Municipality (Hebrew).

PRIOR, J. and GORMAN-MURRAY, A. (2015). Housing sex within the city: The placement of sex services beyond respectable domesticity. In: MAGINN, P. and STEINMETZ, C. (eds.). (Sub)Urban Sexscapes: Geographies and regulation of sex industry. London and New York: Routledge, 101-116.

PUAR, J. K. (2007). Terrorist Assemblages: Homonationalism in Queer Times. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

QUILLEY, S. (1997). “Constructing Manchester’s new urban village: Gay spaces in the entrepreneurial city”. In: BRENT, G. et al. (eds.). Queers in Space: Communities, Public Spaces, Sites of Resistance. Washington: Bay Press, 192-275.

RICHARDSON, D. (2005). “Desiring sameness? The rise of a neoliberal politics of normalization”. Antipode, 37, 515-535.

RONSBO, H. (2006). “Displacing Enigma and Shaping Communal Hegemony – Towards the Analysis of Violent Experience as Social Process”. Dialectical Anthropology, 30 (1), 47-67.

ROSNER, M. (2003). “Sociological and psychological approaches for social justice and equality in the post-industrial era”. In: YASOUR, A., OVED, Y., ROSOLIO, D., and ROSNER, M. (eds.). Social Justice and Equality in a Changing World. Tel Aviv: Hakibbutz Hameuchad, 89-158 (Hebrew).

RUEZ, D. (2016). “Working to appear: The plural and uneven geographies of race, sexuality, and the local state in Sydney, Australia”. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 34 (2), 282-300.

SANDERCOCK, L. (1998a). Toward Cosmopolis. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons.

SANDERCOCK, L. (ed.) (1998b). Making the Invisible Visible: A Multicultural Planning History. Berkeley: University of California Press.

SCHOTTEN, C. H. (2016). “Homonationalism”. International Feminist Journal of Politics, 18 (3), 351-370.

SCHULMAN, S. (2012). Israel/Palestine and the Queer International. Durham and London: Duke University Press.

SWIRSKI, S. (1989). Israel: The Oriental Majority. London: Zed Books.

TEL AVIV-JAFFA MUNICIPALITY (2002). The City’s Profile: October 2002. Tel Aviv: Author (Hebrew).

TEL AVIV-JAFFA MUNICIPALITY (2005). The City’s Vision: May 2005. Tel Aviv: Author (Hebrew).

VALENTINE, G. (1993). “(Hetero)sexing space: Lesbian perceptions and experiences of everyday spaces”. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 11, 395-413.

VALENTINE, G. (1995). “Out and about: Geographies of lesbian landscapes”. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 19 (1), 96-111.

WEIGHTMAN, B. (1980). “Gay bars as private places”. Landscape Research, 24 (1), 9-16.

YASSOUR, A. (2003). “Theories of justice in philosophy”. In: YASSOUR, A., OVED, Y., ROZOLIO, D. and ROZNER, M. (eds.). Social Justice and Equality in a Changing World. Tel Aviv: Hakibbutz Hameuchad, 14-88 (Hebrew).

YIFTACHEL, O. (1998). “Planning and social control: Exploring the dark side”. Journal of Planning Literature, 12, 395-406.

YIFTACHEL, O. (2012). “Critical theory and ‘gray space’: Mobilization of the colonized”. In: BRENNER, N., MARCUSE, P. and MAYER, M. (eds.). Cities for People, Not for Profit: Critical Urban Theory and the Right to the City. London and New-York: Routledge, 150-170.

ZIV, A. (2010). “Performative politics in Israeli queer anti-occupation activism”. GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies, 16 (4), 537-556.

Mètriques darticles

Carregant mètriques ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM
Copyright (c) 2019 Chen Misgav